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Challenges to Internal Security in India

Updated: Oct 31, 2019

Authored by: SPRF Research Team


The Internal Security of a nation-state can be understood as a concept relating to the apparatuses involved in securing its territorial boundaries and protecting its sovereignty. Given the multitude of religious, ethnic, regional and linguistic identities in India, internal security is a sine qua non.

The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), in its annual report of 2017-18, highlighted Organised Crimes on Civilians, Left-Wing Extremism (LWE), Cross-Border Terrorism in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), Militancy in the North-East, and Drugs and Narcotics Trafficking as formidable challenges to the country’s internal security. This paper also adds Environmental Degradation and Cyber Security to the above list.

This issue brief is first in the series on Internal Security and outlines an overview of each of the challenges. Download our issue brief here.

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